A cyclone is a natural phenomenon that refers to a massive air mass that mainly rotates around an intense center of low atmospheric pressure. It involves counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere whereas clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere. A cyclone is like a coiling of destructive winds that rotates in a low-pressure zone. Interestingly, the cyclone has been persistently seen on extraterrestrial planets, mainly Mars, Jupiter, and Neptune.
This natural phenomenon is caused due to the two colossal masses of different temperatures, whereas the severe weather alongside thunderstorms is the constant reason to form this destructive cyclone. Meanwhile, the disturbance in the ocean-atmosphere causes a huge amount of energy, whereas the disastrous nature of cyclones depends on the cyclone’s topography, intensity, and frequency.
With our basics clear, let us take a look at the top 10 deadliest cyclones of the decade!
10. Cyclone Nargis
While encountering the list of top 10 deadliest cyclones across the globe, one of the most extreme and severe cyclones is Nargis Cyclone. This deadliest and most dangerous cyclone was confronted in Myanmar in May 2008. This cyclone on Friday, May 2, 2008, devastated Myanmar. The spiraling storm with 40 Kilometres caused fatalities of 138,373 alongside at least 55,000 people missing and many people found on the outskirts of town. The Myanmar government officials didn’t show the bonafide records of fatalities across the country. In addition, the destruction from the cyclone is recorded as around $12 billion.
Nargis cyclone is one of the deadliest in the North Indian Ocean Basin. Alongside, the cyclone also hits the passage Bangladesh whereas a strong wave of wind is being addressed in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
9. Bangladesh Cyclone
The cyclone of Bangladesh in 1991 is termed one of the deadliest tropical cyclones till now. The cyclone catastrophe caused a gigantic disturbance in the Bay of Bengal on April 24. The massive drift of a strong and elevated storm with a speed of 250 kilometers caused 138,966 deaths. The destruction includes $ 1.7 billion of damage. This severe tropical cyclone is encountered near the most populated region of Bangladesh, namely Chittagong. The natural calamities always ruin the dreams and shelter of the creature and leave them in the demise of grief.
8. Typhoon Nina
The extremely severe Typhoon Nina is also known as Typhoon Bebeng in Phillippines. This is one of the deadly tropical cyclones that hit the Banqiao Dam in China in August 1975. Typhoon Nina has come up with heavy rainfall and destructive wind flow, causing several dam damage. Most importantly, the cyclone caused a death toll of around 26,000. The major reason for fatalities was the floods, whereas 100,000 people died from famine and diseases. The damage to property goes around $6.7 billion.
7. Bengal Cyclone
History never remains untouched, and one by one, we get to know about the devasting cyclones all around the world. The Great Backerganj Cyclone of 1876 is also known as one of the deadly tropical cyclones in history. It smashed the coast of Backerganj, presently Barisal, Bangladesh. It caused around 200,000, and even after the cyclone, the subsequent famine still rolled the death toll.
6. Coringa Cyclone
While addressing the top deadliest cyclone, history would never forget the incident of November 25, 1839, when the port city of Coringa in Andhra Pradesh encountered a natural calamity. The extreme severe tide became the reason death of 300,000 people, whereas the port city met with devasting damage to ships and houses.
5. Haiphong Typhoon
While going in the row of deadliest list of the cyclone, Haiphong Typhoon was a typhoon that hit Haiphong, in northern Dai Nam, in the Philippines on October 8, 1881. The strong storm was first experienced on the east of Southern Luzon on September 27, 1881. Whereas the typhoon made the fatalities around 3,000 in Northern Vietnam.
4. Typhoon Maysak
The deadliest list of the cyclone wouldn’t stop from now. Typhoon Maysak is a cyclone also recognized as Typhoon Julian in the Philippines. It struck Ryukyu Island and the Korean Peninsula in September 2020 as one of the most powerful and destructive typhoons. The financial damage stands at $100 million. Meanwhile, the most affected countries are the Philippines, Japan, Korean Peninsula, and Northeast China.
3. Calcutta Cyclone
The devasting cyclone includes the 1737 Calcutta Cyclone, also recognized as the Hooghly River Cyclone or the Great Bengal Cyclone. It was the first-ever cyclone addressed in the North Indian Ocean. It lies on the list of worst natural calamities in India. On the morning of October 11, 1737, India was hit by a cyclone on the coast of Kolkata. This storm surge resulted in the disturbance in the Hooghly river, whereas many ships sank in the Bay of Bengal. Along with the death caused by the cyclone stand at 300,000. In addition, the most severely smashed region includes Bangladesh and West Bengal in India.
2.1942 Bangladesh Cyclone
The top cyclone which hit the outskirts of Bangladesh is the Cyclone of 1942. The cyclone was an encounter on October 16, 1942, on the eastern coast of Bangladesh. The strong gusty wind struck the nation at 70 Kilometre an hour. While talking about the destruction caused by the cyclone, which includes 3000 damage to the house, the death rate stands at 61,000. These natural phenomena tie with spiral wind and strong tides in the ocean.
1. Bhola Cyclone
The cyclone sequence includes the 1970 Bhola Cyclone termed the Great Cyclone of 1970. The Bhola Cyclone, one of the tropical cyclones, hit East Pakistan, now Bangladesh, whereas West Bengal in India on November 11, 1970. This cyclone has always been on the top list of cyclones. Also, one of the devasting and deadliest cyclones caused the death of 300,000 people, and the number of people who die might increase by around 500,000. After all this, Bhola Cyclone is the sixth strongest cyclone of the 1970 North Indian Ocean.